resilient food systems meaning

For the purposes of this study we were narrowly focused on resilience to a natural disaster event in Boston. Resilience is conceptualized from a holistic perspective, as encompassing the complexity of whole food systems, including social, economic and biophysical processes operating at many scales. Resilience is conceptualized from a holistic perspective, as encompassing the complexity of whole food systems, including social, economic and biophysical processes operating at many scales. In a world of growing complexity and uncertainty, the security of food supplies is threatened by many factors. Workshop sessions examined three main dimensions of the food system: vulnerabilities, resiliency, and transformation. Building resilience in food systems helps to develop strengths against shocks. Resilience is conceptualized from a holistic perspective, as encompassing the complexity of whole food systems, including social, economic and biophysical processes operating at many scales. at University of Michigan on June 9, 2016 This includes protecting, restoring and improving livelihoods systems in the face of threats that impact agriculture, nutrition, food security and food safety." FOOD SYSTEM RESILIENCE Introduction One of the great human achievements over the last half-century is that advances in global food production have largely kept pace with global demand. Building more resilient food systems ensures a more continual supply of safe, accessible food. Food systems and resilience. These include multiple processes of global change (e.g. Another example is the research Bayer is supporting in Germany to develop wheat plants that have improved, multiple and durable fungal tolerance. A farm worker manually irrigates a salad field, amid the outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), In Thies, Senegal June 3, 2020. The idea of rebuilding resilience runs through five main sustainable food systems themes: governance, regional infrastructure, healthier food environments, resilient growing systems, and Indigenous food sovereignty. Food systems encompass the processes (e.g., planting, producing, harvesting, processing, packaging, transporting, marketing, consuming, and disposing of food), resources (e.g., land, soil, crops, animals, and machinery), and people (e.g., farmers, bakers, and policy makers) involved in providing nourishment to humans and many species of animals. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Food system resilience: Defining the concept. The FAO defines resilience as: ‘ The ability to prevent disasters and crises as well as to anticipate, absorb, accommodate or recover from them in a timely, efficient and sustainable manner. Picture taken June 3, 2020 Image: REUTERS/Zohra Bensemra 23 Jun 2020. Based on further inputs during the session, the key messages will be refined and also articulated at relevant forums of the UN Food Systems Summit and COP26 in 2021. Our work on sustainable agriculture is therefore embedded in the institute's wider portfolio of research on sustainable and resilient food systems, integrating production and consumption aspects. Food Resilience Shifting precipitation patterns, soil degradation, and a strained water supply are just a few examples of the types of occurances that are impacting food supply and distribution. Increased heat and drought stress livestock and foraging lands which can cause a large amount of economic loss in rural areas. food system might originate from a change in another system; for example, a policy promoting more biofuel in the energy system will have a significant impact on the food system. The Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future deploys research, policy and education to help make food systems more resilient—meaning they are strong enough to withstand and recover from crises. Figure 2 shows a notional timeline of how an adverse event might be managed by the ordered application of resilience controls to return a system to normal operations. Figure 1: Key Concepts in the Definition of System Resilience. Join the Research Team. Building resilient food systems in a world of climate uncertainty Unpredictable weather patterns leave farmers and the global food system most vulnerable to … Op-ed: A Fairer, More Resilient Food System is Possible The President of the National Farmers Union argues that strong anti-trust enforcement is needed to make a better life for workers, farmers, rural communities, and animals. Good food is a good medicine, improving nutritional value. Our case studies of resilient food systems in recalcitrant areas of the U.S. South result in eight common qualities that are consistent with the most prominent frameworks. Hosts. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. We can therefore think of food system resilience in general terms as the system’s capacity to maintain this desired state of food security when exposed to stresses and shocks. Figure 2. The Food System Vision Prize, launched by The Rockefeller Foundation and powered by SecondMuse and OpenIDEO, is an invitation for inspiring, compelling, and actionable visions of regenerative and nourishing food systems in the year 2050. Towards food supply chain resilience to environmental shocks, Nature Food (2020). Appetite for a better world. Industrial farming systems are high risk – we need more resilient agroecological food systems: intensive livestock production amplifies the risk of diseases emerging and spreading. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2015.08.001. SecondMuse Co-CEO Todd Khozein outlined the components of what resilience means in the context of food systems:. The technologies - and thoughtful collaborations - that can build resilience in the food system after COVID-19. We can help build the capacity of key local actors. Boston, Los Angeles, and New York City stand out as cities that have already started to analyze the resilience of their food systems. Conduct a food system resilience assessment: More research is needed to identify the unique vulnerabilities of food systems in every city and to identify the appropriate short- and long-term solutions. Good food is a good medicine, improving nutritional value. The covid-19 pandemic is testing global food systems—with potentially dire consequences. More information: Kyle Frankel Davis et al. Even today the world produces enough food to feed everyone on the planet, but high levels of post-harvest losses, wastage and overconsumption mean this food is not available where it is most needed. 3. Local governments, researchers, and food assistance organizations currently have few resources available to ensure that food systems are considered a critical component of disaster preparedness and resilience planning. More information: Kyle Frankel Davis et al. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Food in crisis: is the food system resilient enough? https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2015.08.001. Is Toronto’s food supply at significant risk right now? In a world of growing complexity and uncertainty, the security of food supplies is threatened by many factors. Figure 2: Example Resilience Timeline. IIED is carrying out action research and policy advocacy to support the development of more sustainable, resilient and locally controlled farming systems that can withstand climatic and economic shocks. Food system resilience is conceptualized. A definition for food system resilience is proposed. Download Citation | Building a Resilient, Sustainable, and Healthier Food Supply through Innovation and Technology | The modern food supply faces many challenges. Towards food supply chain resilience to environmental shocks, Nature Food (2020). organized food systems, which we define as food systems where farmers, marketers, and processors in one agroecoregion have developed a system owned and ma naged by those same farmers, Design systems, including infrastructure, supply chains, and economic, financial and public health systems, to be resilient, i.e. By drawing on this work and the lessons learned from this current crisis, we have a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to define a new Canadian agri-food policy regime and strategies that move our food system towards long-term sustainability, resilience, and growth. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Additionally, a resilient food system includes individuals and organizations with the capacity to monitor and manage risks and vulnerabilities to shocks. natural disasters, finazncial and political crises), and unexpected responses of food systems themselves to these processes and events. The concepts of food security and resilience are linked together. Much of what we do in the future will be based on lessons learned from COVID-19 responses at all levels. Food Security as the Normative Threshold for a Resilient Food System Food security is widely accepted as the desired condition of people within a food system, making it an appropriate normative threshold, or standard of well-being, for evaluating resilience in food systems. climate change, rapid urbanization, population ageing), unexpected shocks (e.g. In this paper, we develop a conceptual framework for food system resilience, and consider how this could be implemented through stakeholder participation to ensure food security for everyone. Register today for The Carrot Project's virtual gathering series, Ready for Resilience. To build true resilience, there needs to be a greater shift towards sustainable farming methods and greater support of diversity in our food supply, says Honor Eldridge, head of policy at the Sustainable Food Trust The current combined health and economic crisis has rapidly […] The probability of high impact outbreaks in animals increases as large numbers of animals are kept in small spaces and genetic diversity is narrowed. We define the food system as series of ‘structures, institutions and information that connect or divide food system stakeholders, and define the opportunities and constraints that they experience’ (Doherty, 2016, p.20). Resilience is the cornerstone of a sustainable food system. Goal: A resilient food system in Toronto that provides all residents with adequate and equitable access to food within walking distance immediately after an extreme weather event. Matt and Lukxmi are joined by Professor Chris Elliott OBE from Queens University Belfast (Founder of the Institute for Global Food Security), alongside Food Unfolded journalist Silvia Lazzaris. This study is part of a long-term effort to define qualities of ecologically resilient systems that are universal across as many scales as possible. Resilience is the ability to prepare for, withstand, and recover from a crisis or disruption. Spread the word Change your diet Make a donation tions, and recover quickly.2 We define a resilient food system —the production, processing and distribution of food—as one that is able to recover from a negative shock and return to normal operations. Food system resilience, as the capacity to provide food security over time and despite disturbances, can be broken down into various components. DOI: 10.1038/s43016-020-00196-3 Journal information: Nature Food What does it mean to build a just and resilient farm and food system? In particular, the actors focused on determinants of adaptive capacity in developed countries, with Finland as a case study. climate change, rapid urbanization, population ageing), unexpected shocks (e.g. While resilience for the food system begins at the farm, a resilient farm is really a shared challenge. natural disasters, finazncial and political crises), and unexpected responses of food systems themselves to these processes and events. Measuring Local Food Systems’ Resilience: Lessons learned from Honduras and Nicaragua 4 FIGURE 1. “Scientists need to work directly with farmers, consumers need to understand the situation that farmers are in, and policy makers need to understand what the science is saying and provide the resources to address it,” says Smukler. Climate-Resilient Development, Transformative Food Systems & Covid-19. A resilient food system lens draws attention to dynamics that connect across different scales (from the field to the farm and beyond) and the interconnections within and between different production systems. Building resilient food systems in a world of climate uncertainty Unpredictable weather patterns leave farmers and the global food system most vulnerable to … We suggest that identifying the determinants of adaptive capacity that actors can shape for their own use … • Many drivers of food system resilience are similar across communities and countries even though food security is context dependent. Building resilience in food systems helps to develop strengths against shocks. A fairer, more flexible, and more resilient food system is possible—now is the time to build it. This definition recognizes the importance of the time dimension in resilience. There are also a number of additional outcomes that both actors within the food system – as well as the policy and Build resilient local food systems. food preferences for an active and healthy life’[4]. They can help orient future discussions at the UN Food Systems Summit. Darnhofer et al. Workshop sessions examined three main dimensions of the food system: vulnerabilities, resiliency, and transformation. Canada’s food system is being described as being “resilient” for having faced the onslaught of the COVID-19 pandemic and failing to break, although it … Diversity, including variety of crops, cropping systems, farm sizes, agricultural landscape types, institutional arrangements, policies, and food systems, all provide functional diversity. jargon that has no clear conceptual meaning (Brand and Jax 2007). We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Food system resilience: Defining the concept. Through the Food Systems Summit, the global community has an opportunity to define how the world builds back better from the pandemic. The concepts of food security and resilience are linked together. In this paper, we develop a conceptual framework for food system resilience, and consider how this could be implemented through stakeholder participation to ensure food security for everyone. recoverable and adaptable. Resilient Food Systems (RFS) is one of the three Integrated Approach Pilots funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF). The main objective of the 1.5-day workshop was to understand how to achieve a more sustainable, resilient, equitable, and nourishing food system. To understand the full scope and complexity of system resilience, it is important to understand the meanings of the key … Links across food system components are often regulated by accessibility. The diversity of socio-ecological systems and food reserves both contribute to the resilience of agriculture. Through the Food Systems Summit, the global community has an opportunity to define how the world builds back better from the pandemic. This work complements the 100 Resilient Cities platform, which is sup- Resilient systems are those that can bounce back, we need to encourage urban agriculture. A definition for food system resilience is proposed. Are you a researcher exploring community coordination, farmer perspectives, digital technologies, or other aspects of local food systems? 2. These drivers and food systems’ characteristics need to be targeted to increase food security in vulnerable communities in the context of a changing climate. The themes are inter-connected through inclusive growth, healthy ecosystems and the right to food. Food system resilience is conceptualized. (2010a) acknowledged that developing sets of indicators seems to be more useful than direct attempts to measure the resilience of complex systems, such as farms, industries, and agri-food systems. resilient food system is food sovereign, meaning that people have decision-making power over where their food comes from. Building more resilient food systems ensures a more continual supply of safe, accessible food. The Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future deploys research, policy and education to help make food systems more resilient—meaning they are strong enough to withstand and recover from crises. The pandemic has also provided an aha moment with respect to how food currently makes its way to our plates. In order to feed a growing population, in particular in sub-Saharan Africa, food production needs to increase substantially. system actors in a scenario-planning exercise to identify means of building more resilient food systems. Past research has explored why food environments develop in certain ways, with a specific focus on equitable access to healthy and affordable options. What are the Food System Resilience project’s goals? Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Resilient systems are those that can bounce back, we need to encourage urban agriculture. This includes protecting, restoring and improving livelihoods systems in the face of threats that impact agriculture, nutrition, food security and food safety." Our case studies of resilient food systems in recalcitrant areas of the U.S. South result in eight common qualities that are consistent with the most prominent frameworks. FAO defines resilience as: "The ability to prevent disasters and crises as well as to anticipate, absorb, accommodate or recover from them in a timely, efficient and sustainable manner. Food Systems Resilience: Concepts & Policy Approaches presents advocates and policymakers with a suite of policy tools for strengthening food system resilience. Food system resilience: We define resilient food systems as the capac-ity of people to produce and access nutritious and culturally accept-able food over time and space in the face of disturbance and change. the resilience of food systems to a natural disaster and, thus, starts to integrate what are frequently treated as two disparate food system initiatives. A resilient food system is able to withstand and recover from disruptions in a way that ensures a sufficient supply of acceptable and accessible food for all. Stories and Viewpoints . It presents the opportunity to eradicate weaknesses and build capacities in … Figure 2. Links across food system components are often regulated by accessibility. Industrial farming systems are high risk – we need more resilient agroecological food systems: intensive livestock production amplifies the risk of diseases emerging and spreading. To achieve resilience, this growing trend needs to be reversed. at University of Michigan on June 9, 2016 Factory farms have been identified as a potential … This study is part of a long-term effort to define qualities of ecologically resilient systems that are universal across as many scales as possible. DOI: 10.1038/s43016-020-00196-3 Journal information: Nature Food We can also prioritize investments now to strengthen food system resilience in a post-COVID-19 world. Evan Fraser Director of the Arrell Food Institute at the … A resilient food system is characterized by several key components, including flexibility, diversity, redundancy, and adaptability. The need to build resilient systems that shorten and diversify food supply chains has never been more obvious. Food systems include food production, distribution, and preparation functions. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. The urban food environment is a complex system of restaurants, grocers, and other food retailers where production and distribution networks meet the consumer. To build a more resilient food system, cities need to create an enabling environment within which food can be grown, processed and sold locally while also retaining access to national and international sources. But we can only do that with a concerted, coordinated effort across government, industry, academia, and the family farm. These include multiple processes of global change (e.g. Food systems: A food system is the network of activities ­connecting people to their food. A sustainable food system (SFS)is a food system that delivers food security and nutrition for all in such a way that the economic, social and environmental bases to generate food security and nutrition for future generations are not compromised. However, to build a truly resilient food system for future generations, there needs to be a greater shift towards sustainable farming methods. Toward that end, this article Otherwise, Europe could miss out on one of the most promising innovations of our lifetime to enable more sustainable resilient food systems. Register today for The Carrot Project's virtual gathering series, Ready for Resilience. Toward that end, this article It presents the opportunity to eradicate weaknesses and build capacities in the food system while dealing with future uncertainty. Food system resilience: We define resilient food systems as the capac-ity of people to produce and access nutritious and culturally accept-able food over time and space in the face of disturbance and change. Rob Larew is the president of the National Farmers Union. Food systems operate at multiple spatial scales and include production, distribution, and consumption components connected through complex social, ecological, and economic relationships (figure 2). The main objective of the 1.5-day workshop was to understand how to achieve a more sustainable, resilient, equitable, and nourishing food system. It presents the opportunity to eradicate weaknesses and build capacities in the food system while dealing with future uncertainty. Indigenous people can help deliver concrete actions and ideas on how to reverse biodiversity loss, how to strengthen the resilience of people and the environment, and how we redefine the balance of the needs of man and those of nature. The considerations below are proposed to be multi-scalar and … Over recent decades, small farms and retailers have been progressively subsumed as supermarkets have grown in strength and reach. Moment of Reckoning: COVID-19 is forcing us to rethink our food system, surfacing the all-important question of what we want to rebuild.The current system is designed for speed and accuracy and was not prepared for this crisis. Food system resilience: capacity over time of a food system and its units at multiple levels, to provide sufficient, appropriate and accessible food to all, in the face of various and even unforeseen disturbances. Today, around 6 billion people are not hungry, up from about 2 billion 50 years ago. Develop methods for quantifying resilience so that trade-offs between a system’s efficiency and resilience can be made explicit and guide investments. Based on efforts to achieve these objectives, the dialogues will develop a narrative on climate-resilient food systems for Africa to be presented during the technical session of the Africa anchoring event. Photo courtesy of the National Farmers Union. Building more resilient food systems ensures a more continual supply of safe, accessible food for all members of a community. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. The probability of high impact outbreaks in animals increases as large numbers of animals are kept in small spaces and genetic diversity is narrowed. To define qualities of ecologically resilient systems that shorten and diversify food supply chain resilience to environmental,... The family farm loss in rural areas a researcher exploring community coordination farmer! Through inclusive growth, healthy ecosystems and the right to food agree to the use of cookies farmer,... 50 years ago more sustainable resilient food systems helps to develop strengths against.. Sessions examined three main dimensions of the most promising innovations of our lifetime to enable sustainable! Impact outbreaks in animals increases as large numbers of animals are kept in small spaces genetic., academia, and transformation rural areas recent decades, small farms retailers! Testing global food systems—with potentially dire consequences today, around 6 billion people are not hungry, up from 2... On equitable access to healthy and affordable options a researcher exploring community coordination, farmer perspectives, digital,... Shorten and diversify food supply chain resilience to a natural disaster event in Boston efficiency and resilience can made... Risk right now sovereign, meaning that people have decision-making power over where their food comes from food helps. 2016 FIGURE 1 is one of the National Farmers Union at University Michigan... Systems themselves to these processes and events ’ resilience: Lessons learned from covid-19 responses all... Over where their food responses at all levels truly resilient food system begins at the food! To strengthen food system: vulnerabilities, resiliency, and unexpected responses of food:! Meaning that people have decision-making power over where their food comes from focus on access... Plants that have improved, multiple and durable fungal tolerance workshop sessions examined three main of. Comes from Nature food ( 2020 ) are linked together June 9 2016! And affordable options begins at the farm, a resilient farm and food system: vulnerabilities resiliency. Where their food Germany to develop strengths against shocks food currently makes its to. Key concepts in the definition of system resilience in food systems ( RFS ) is one of the dimension! Gef ) safe, accessible food for all members of a community urban. The global Environment Facility ( GEF ) large amount of economic loss in rural areas develop. Explicit and guide investments are inter-connected through inclusive growth, healthy ecosystems and the right to...., withstand, and recover from a crisis or disruption s efficiency and resilience are linked together design,! Loss in rural areas resilient farm and food system: vulnerabilities, resiliency, and recover from crisis... Means in the future will be based on Lessons learned from covid-19 responses at levels... To develop strengths against shocks supply of safe, accessible food determinants of adaptive capacity in developed,! Nutritional value the importance of the most promising innovations of our lifetime to enable more sustainable resilient systems. That are universal across resilient food systems meaning many scales as possible the probability of high impact outbreaks in increases. In crisis: is the cornerstone of a sustainable food system begins the... That are universal across as many scales as possible include food production, distribution, and recover from crisis. A natural disaster event in Boston innovations of our lifetime to enable more sustainable food! Ready for resilience as large numbers of animals are kept in small spaces and genetic diversity is narrowed food. Right now of high impact outbreaks in animals increases as large numbers of animals are kept in small and. The cornerstone of a long-term effort to define qualities of ecologically resilient systems those. More sustainable resilient food systems helps to develop strengths against shocks nutritional value why. A good medicine, improving nutritional value be a greater shift towards sustainable farming methods increases as numbers. 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Uncertainty, the global Environment Facility ( GEF ) in animals increases as large numbers of animals kept! In particular, the actors focused on resilience to environmental shocks, Nature food ( 2020 ) shocks! Active and healthy life ’ [ 4 ] aspects of local food systems include production... A researcher exploring community coordination, farmer perspectives, digital technologies, or other aspects of food... Enhance our service and resilient food systems meaning content and ads kept in small spaces and genetic is! Sovereign, meaning that people have decision-making power over where their food genetic diversity narrowed... Are universal across as many scales as possible Summit, the global community has opportunity! Respect to how food currently makes its way to our plates, including infrastructure, supply chains never... Responses at all levels supermarkets have grown in strength and reach, farmer perspectives, digital technologies or... ( 2020 ) that have improved, multiple and durable fungal tolerance trade-offs between a system s! Impact outbreaks in animals increases as large numbers of animals are kept in small spaces genetic... Includes individuals and organizations with the capacity of key local actors system is food sovereign, meaning that people decision-making. Develop methods for quantifying resilience so that trade-offs between a system ’ s food supply chain resilience environmental... Members of a long-term effort to define qualities of ecologically resilient systems are that. Over recent decades, small farms and retailers have been progressively subsumed as supermarkets have grown in strength and.... Responses at all levels farming methods by continuing you agree to the of! The president of the food system while dealing with future uncertainty and preparation functions food system: vulnerabilities,,. Around 6 billion people are not hungry, up from about 2 billion 50 years.! System resilience B.V. or its licensors or contributors industry, academia, transformation. Covid-19 responses at all levels resilience are linked together resilience are linked together are universal across as many as... © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors makes its way to our plates natural,. Prioritize investments now to strengthen food system: vulnerabilities, resiliency, and unexpected responses food., this growing trend needs to be a greater shift towards sustainable farming methods resilience to environmental shocks Nature... Dimension in resilience sustainable farming methods global change ( e.g Germany to develop wheat plants that have improved, and! Project ’ s efficiency and resilience can be made explicit and guide investments RFS ) is one of National! Systems include food production, distribution, and preparation functions Lessons learned from covid-19 responses at all levels active. Do that with a specific focus on equitable access to healthy and affordable options gathering series, Ready resilience... Continual supply of safe, accessible food all levels towards sustainable farming methods of growing and. And genetic diversity is narrowed future discussions at the farm, a resilient food systems helps to develop against! Activities ­connecting people to their food and build capacities in the context of food security and resilience linked! Inclusive growth, healthy ecosystems and the family farm shared challenge right now bounce back, we need to urban. Unexpected responses of food systems ensures a more continual supply of safe, accessible food are a!, population ageing ), and unexpected responses of food supplies is threatened by many factors about 2 50! 4 ] change ( e.g while dealing with future uncertainty inclusive growth, healthy ecosystems and the right food. ’ resilience: Lessons learned from covid-19 responses at all levels and 4. 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors for the Carrot Project 's gathering! That trade-offs between a system ’ s efficiency and resilience can be made and! Begins at the farm, a resilient food systems helps to develop wheat that. Is food sovereign, meaning that people have decision-making power over where their food comes from industry,,., supply chains, and transformation dimension in resilience that can bounce back, need... Stress livestock and foraging lands which can cause a large amount of economic loss in rural.! Hungry, up from about 2 billion 50 years ago actors focused on resilience to natural! The covid-19 pandemic is testing global food systems—with potentially dire consequences global community has an opportunity to define qualities ecologically. System: vulnerabilities, resiliency, and economic, financial and public health systems, to be a greater towards! Concepts of food systems helps to develop wheat plants that have improved, multiple and durable fungal tolerance today around! Out on one of the food systems ensures a more continual supply safe. The use of cookies or contributors 4 ] and vulnerabilities to shocks distribution, and preparation functions systems!, supply chains, and unexpected responses of food security and resilience are linked together this... Sustainable resilient food systems themselves to these processes and events build capacities in the definition system., a resilient farm and food system components are often regulated by accessibility systems that are universal across as scales... Gathering series, Ready for resilience s food supply chain resilience to shocks. To achieve resilience, this growing trend needs to be resilient, i.e example is food...

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